11 Mar Qatar emerges as built asset wealth world leader per capit
Global Opportunity 2015 | Arcadis
Qataris replace Singaporeans as the richest built asset population, with a built asset wealth of US$ 198,000 per capita, says Alan Richell, Head of Business Advisory in the Middle East at Arcadis
Qatar has become the world’s richest country per capita measured by the value of its built environment according to the latest Global Built Asset Wealth Index published by Arcadis, the leading global Design & Consultancy firm for natural and built assets.
Qatar has become a global leader, toppling Singapore as the most asset rich country per capita, with built assets of US$198,000 for every citizen.
The index, which was compiled for Arcadis by the Centre for Economics and Business Research (Cebr), calculates the value of all the buildings and infrastructure that contribute to economic productivity in 32 countries, which collectively make up 87% of global GDP.
The health and wealth of a nation can be measured in many different ways and while factors such as GDP or employment have great value, a prosperous society is underpinned by a well-developed built environment that meets the needs of its people and economy.
Today, Qatar has the fastest growing construction industry in the GCC, rapidly expanding at an annual rate of 18%, and this is expected to continue for the next decade. This growth will be underpinned by a number of large investments in infrastructure programmes.
Qatar and Singapore stand comfortably ahead of the pack on built assets per capita, at US$198,000 and US$192,000 respectively.
The countries near the top of this ranking are disproportionately made up of smaller nations, either by population or area, so the density of the built asset stock is much greater per resident.
The UAE for example also came in high at number five with a strong built asset per capita at US $140,500, whereas Saudi Arabia has a smaller built asset stock per capita, at US$107,000 where its built asset wealth is spread amongst its large and growing population.
The 2022 FIFA World Cup and Qatar’s 2030 National Vision are driving huge infrastructure investments over the next ten years. These include plans for further investment in transport infrastructure, water and electricity in the next five years, by 2020.
Qatar’s total built asset stock has grown 677% since 2000 and will continue to grow at double digit levels for the foreseeable future.
Total built asset wealth globally now stands at an estimated US$218 trillion, which is the equivalent to US$30,700 per person alive today. The stock of built assets is closely correlated with a nation’s economic output.
On average, countries analysed have a built asset stock worth 2.9 times GDP. China now has a built asset wealth of US$47.6trillion, overtaking the USA which comes in second place with a wealth of US$36.8trillion. On a regional basis, Saudi Arabia has a built asset wealth of US$ 3.15 trillion, while the UAE and Qatar rank respectively at US$ 1.33 trillion and US$ 0.45 trillion.
The Global Built Asset Wealth Index shows a dramatic shift of wealth to emerging economies. Saudi Arabia and the UAE will continue to climb due to their especially high rates of investment.
Whilst still heavily dependent on oil and gas export, the GCC states have used resource revenues to make initial steps towards diversification of their economies in sectors such as tourism, financial services and education.
About the study
This research, conducted by the Centre for Economics and Business Research and based on over 20 independent global sources, calculates the value of the buildings and infrastructure in 32 countries, which collectively make up 87% of global GDP.
Built asset wealth was broken down into construction (including infrastructure) and machinery and equipment and forecasts were made of stock increases and depreciation.
To forecast the composition of investment, or fixed capital formation, Cebr established econometric relationships in each of the countries within our sample to estimate its evolution over the forecast horizon.
For each country this required an assessment of investment growth in constant purchasing power parity adjusted to US dollars, the composition of investment, the depreciation of the existing stock and the rate of population growth.
To forecast the depreciation of the existing stock an average service life for each of the components of fixed capital formation (residential and non-residential construction and machinery and equipment) was established, based on an extensive literature review.
This works out around 14 years for assets of machinery or plant and approximately 70 years for construction assets. The rate of depreciation in each economy depends on the ratio between these two quantities in its overall stock of assets.
The first Global Built Asset Wealth Index was published in 2013. For further information on Arcadis’ Built Asset Wealth Index, including the full per capita ranking, and regional breakdowns, please visit the Arcadis website: www.arcadis.com/builtassetindex
Arcadis is the leading global Design & Consultancy firm for natural and built assets. Applying our deep market sector insights and collective design, consultancy, engineering, project and management services we work in partnership with our clients to deliver exceptional and sustainable outcomes throughout the lifecycle of their natural and built assets.
We are 28,000 people active in over 70 countries that generate more than €3 billion in revenues. We support UN-Habitat with knowledge and expertise to improve the quality of life in rapidly growing cities around the world.